Malaria is a deadly disease. According to the World Health Organization, more than 200 million people are infected with malaria each year. In 2017, around five lakh people died of malaria worldwide. Outbreaks appear to be exacerbated during the May to October period.
How does malaria spread?
Among the two species of mosquitoes, the female Anopheles mosquito bites the saliva. Then the parasite spreads in the blood through a microbe called Protist. This results in malaria. Although fruit juices are usually eaten by mosquitoes, blood is needed for nutrition during pregnancy. In this case, the first choice of Anopheles is the human body. The disease is caused by mosquito bites and fever is the main symptom of the disease. That is why malaria fever is a common disease. Today Magazine
Causes of malaria: –
Malaria is a disease caused by the mosquito-borne Plasmodium parasite. It is simply the bite of an infected female Anopheles mosquito. Although more than 80 species of malaria parasites have been discovered so far, four of these species are responsible for human malaria. Plasmodium vivax, falciparum, malaria, and any one of the Oval-carrying mosquitoes can cause malaria. Of these, falciparum is the most deadly of malaria. Which affects the brain. When an infected mosquito bites a person; Then the malaria virus enters the person’s blood and he becomes infected with malaria.
Why is this disease deadly?
Genetic research into the disease reveals how mosquito-borne malaria became a deadly disease. According to a study led by researchers at the Welcome Sanger Institute in Cambridge, a comparative analysis of this type of malaria has been done according to the genealogy of the parasite. There, they found, about 50,000 years ago, the bacterium mutated into a new branch of the disease. Which caused a deadly infection for the human race. The findings area unit printed within the journal Nature biology.
Symptoms of malaria: –
- Fever with shivering at certain times is the main symptom of this disease. Fever can usually be as high as 105-106 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Fever comes and goes at regular and regular intervals; For example, fever after one day, it becomes 3-4 long and then the fever decreases with sweating.
- When the fever is gone, the body temperature may be lower than normal.
- In addition to moderate to severe shivering or feeling cold, severe body aches, headaches, insomnia occurs.
- At the same time the patient suffers from loss of appetite or loss of appetite, constipation, nausea or vomiting, indigestion.
- Excessive sweating, cramps, thirst, feeling tired or exhausted, muscle, lower abdominal pain, spleen and liver enlargement problems occur.
- In case of malaria, anemia or anemia occurs due to destruction of red blood cells.
- The most complex type of malaria is ‘malignant malaria’. Symptoms such as common malaria appear as well as a variety of complications.
- Such as- Anemia, Kidney failure, Shortness of breath, Jaundice, Convulsions, Symptoms of low blood glucose. Without urgent treatment, these patients can become unconscious and even die.
Diagnosis and treatment of malaria: –
If malaria is suspected, it must be tested first. If malaria is not caught; Then the test has to be done for three consecutive days. If malaria is detected; Then you should seek medical help immediately without delay. Today Magazine
What to do to prevent malaria: –
- No effective vaccine against malaria has been discovered so far. However, this disease is completely curable and preventable.
- Be careful to stay away from mosquito-borne diseases. Staying faraway from dipteron bites may be a thanks to stop this illness.
- For this, you must use mosquito net or coil while sleeping day or night.
- Use mesh, resistant cream, spray on doors and windows.
- Mosquitoes can not breed in the water around the house; That should be taken care of.
- In addition, the waterlogged area should be cleaned regularly. Because mosquitoes lay more eggs in stagnant water.
- Sprinkle pesticide or kerosene on mosquito repellent.
- When visiting malaria prone areas, follow the doctor’s advice and keep up with anti-malarial drugs.